Oct 2023 – Remembering Pat Arrowsmith
On the 29th of September 2023, it was announced that renowned peace activist and Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) co-founder Pat Arrowsmith had died at the age of 93. This blog post explores just some of her extraordinary life, and where she left a mark on our collection at the museum.
Pat Arrowsmith was born in 1930, and was raised in an upper middle-class, religious family. By her own account, her family wasn’t particularly political, though she recalled that her mother was quietly anti-war throughout her life, and she would go on to support Pat’s peace campaigning later on. After being expelled from one school, she was sent to Cheltenham Ladies College to finish her education, where she remembered getting in trouble for her own anti-war attitudes.
“I think I probably acquired a sense of the importance of practicing what you preach from an early age”Pat Arrowsmith, Oral history interviews with LSE
Arrowsmith was most known for her work campaigning for nuclear disarmament, and specifically for co-founding CND in the late 50s. After leaving school, she studied at Cambridge university, which is where she first became involved in peace campaigning. She became the Field Secretary for the Direct Action Committee against Nuclear War, an organisation which was a precursor to The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, and which organised the first Aldermaston march in 1958. It was this march which helped to establish CND, which Pat was vice president of until her death. A lot of her early work with the organisation was on the ground creating links with the trade union movement, as well as speaking to dock workers internationally.
You can see footage of Pat being arrested while campaigning at the docks here:
As a result of her activism, Arrowsmith served 11 prison sentences, the first being in 1958. In 1974, she was given 18 months in prison for handing out leaflets at a British army base, encouraging soldiers to refuse to serve in Northern Ireland. Amnesty International, and organisation for which she worked for 24 years, named Arrowsmith a “prisoner of conscience”, the first time they’d given out that title in Britain. She wrote many of the poems from her numerous collections while in prison, reflecting not only on the threat of nuclear war, but on the prison system itself.
“Pat has continually warned us of the dangers we’re in and the new dangers we’re creating … she emphasises how the human race threatens itself and nature too”.Adrian Mitchell, poet
As shown by her 1974 conviction, Arrowsmith did not only focus on anti-nuclear protest, but was also a vocal campaigner for Troops Out of Northern Ireland and other political movements. After running for parliament unsuccessfully against the then Prime Minister, James Callaghan, in 1979, she used her platform to deliver a speech demanding that British troops withdraw from Northern Ireland.
There are a couple of places where Pat shows up in our collection at The Peace Museum, most notably in this beautiful portrait by Maggie Glover. It shows her with a CND symbol around her neck, holding a motorbike helmet.
We also have this DAC placard which may have been used at Aldermaston marches in the late 1950s, and has Pat Arrowsmith’s name written on it along with that of Bertrand Russell.
Arrowsmith featured in our Peace OUT exhibition, as an example of how throughout time peace movements and LGBTQ+ rights struggles have crossed over. She is remembered by some as a lesbian icon of the early gay equality movement, particularly for her one-day marriage to a man in 1979 to fulfil the conditions of her fathers will around her inheritance. After annulling the marriage on the same day, she donated some of the money to lesbian magazine Sappho and Gay Pride Week 1979.
Since her death in September, Pat has been remembered fondly by many she worked with, including Dr Kate Hudson, General Secretary of CND, who wrote:
“Pat had a remarkable insight into what action would make a real difference and she would pursue that vigorously, with every fibre of her being. She was as different from an armchair philosopher as it is possible to be. We will miss her very much.”